The Farming of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in Malawi: Review about History and Policy Research Directions

  • Elias R. Chirwa
  • Daud Kassam
  • Wilson L. Jere
Keywords: Common Carp, fish introduction, exotic fish

Abstract

The lack of better performing native fish species for aquaculture led the government of Malawi to import the exotic Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in 1976. Growth trials at Domasi and Kasinthula Experimental Stations had shown that Common Carp grew faster and to a larger size than the indigenous fish species. The government decided to distribute the fish to farmers for grow-out. Barely five years into Common Carp distribution to farmers, the government reversed its policy and banned the use of the fish in aquaculture. The government not only became unpopular but also lost the confidence of the farmers who had begun to see positive impacts of Common Carp to their livelihoods. The farmers are as unconvinced today as they were before with the explanations behind the banning of Common Carp. This paper explores the background to Common Carp farming in Malawi, why the fish was later banned and the impacts of the fish’s ban on the status of Malawi’s aquaculture. We highlight the farmers’ call for a return of Common Carp to Malawi’s aquaculture and the research needed to be undertaken to inform government’s response to the farmers’ call.

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Published
2019-07-13
How to Cite
Chirwa , E. R., Kassam , D., & Jere , W. L. (2019). The Farming of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in Malawi: Review about History and Policy Research Directions. International Journal of Social Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends, 1(1), 56-69. Retrieved from https://ijsscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Social_Science_Journal/article/view/5
Section
Articles