Identification of Mosquitoes Species Diversity in South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
This paper is focus on the result of research study that primarily identified species of mosquitoes predominant in Ezza South Local Government of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The assessment of mosquito species diversity was carried out between August and December 2014 in the aforementioned area. A total of 502 mosquitoes were collected in four (Ohigbo Amagu, Ohoffia Amagu, Ndufu Amagu and Ndegu Amagu) different communities of the aforementioned area using pyrethrium (insecticide) spray, on indoor resting mosquitoes for 20 houses sampled at random. The samples were identified and analyzed under the light microscope using x4 and x40 objective lens. The result revealed relatively equal distribution Anopheles species in Ohoffia Amagu, Ohigbo Amagu, Ndufu Amagu and Ndegu Amagu with 17.33%, 20.32%, 21.51% and 17.93% respectively and also high distribution of the genus Anopheles with 77.09% followed by Aedes 16.14% and relative low distribution of Culex mosquito with 6.77% which would account for high prevalence of malaria parasite infection in the study area. Unsolicited increasing Mosquitoes population in the study area could be due to poor environmental management of breeding sites that includes indiscriminate dumping of refuse, poor drainage system, stagnant water with cans and other sort of waste materials.
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