International Journal of Social Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends https://ijsscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Social_Science_Journal <p style="text-align: justify;">The International Journal of Social Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends (IJSSCFRT) is an open access International Journal for scientists and researchers to publish their scientific papers in Social Sciences related fields. IJSSCFRT plays its role as a refereed international journal to publish research results conducted by researchers.</p> <p>This journal accepts scientific papers for publication after passing the journal's double&nbsp;peer review process.&nbsp; For detailed information about the journal kindly check <a title="About the Journal" href="https://ijsscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Social_Science_Journal/about">About the Journal</a>&nbsp;page.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">All IJSSCFRT published papers in Social Sciences will be available for scientific readers for free; no fees are required to download published papers in this international journal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) en-US International Journal of Social Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends <p>Authors who submit papers&nbsp;with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol start="1"> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> <li>By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.</li> <li>It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. &nbsp;The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to reject the paper.</li> <li>Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author</li> <li>Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.</li> <li>If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.</li> <li>The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.</li> </ol> Measuring the Success of SIPKD in Denpasar City https://ijsscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Social_Science_Journal/article/view/9 <p>SIPKD is a regional financial system that is used by the Denpasar City Government in on financial management activities so as to be able to produce financial reports of local governments. Since the implementation of the SIPKD, the Denpasar City Government had obtained an increase in BPK's Audit Opinion on Local Government Financial Reports, namely Unqualified Opinion for six years. Based on this phenomenon, this study examined the measurement of SIPKD success in Denpasar City Government. The measurement of the success of SIPKD based on DeLone and McLean (2003) model. This study examines the direct effect of system quality, information quality, and supervision action on user satisfaction and net benefits, the effect of user satisfaction on net benefits, and the indirect effect of system quality, information quality, and supervision action of net benefits through user satisfaction. The sample determination technique used purposive sampling with the criteria of all SIPKD users in Denpasar City Government, as many as 99 people. Data collection used a questionnaire that distributed to 36 OPDs in the Denpasar City Government. Data analysis used Partial Least Square with Path Analysis. The results of data analysis showed that system quality, information quality, and supervision action had a positive effect on user satisfaction and net benefits. User satisfaction had a positive effect on net benefits. User satisfaction is not able to mediate the effect of system quality, information quality, and supervision action of net benefits.</p> Ida Ayu Agung Emawati Herkulanus Bambang Suprasto Copyright (c) 2019 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-07-13 2019-07-13 1 1 1 17 Predicting of Infertility-related Stress among Female Secondary School Teachers in Ibadan based on Psychosocial Factors https://ijsscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Social_Science_Journal/article/view/8 <p>This study adopted a descriptive research design of correlational type to examine the extent to which age, coping style and psychological distress predict infertility-related stress among childless female secondary school teachers in Ibadan North Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria.&nbsp; The sample consisted of forty-seven (47) childless female teachers who were selected based on convenience, availability and willingness to participate. They responded to three standardized self-report measures. Pearson Product Moment Correlation and regression statistics were used to analyze data at 0.05 level of significance. The result indicated that most of the respondent (65.9%) experience a high level of infertility-related global stress. A significant negative relationship was found between age, coping style and participants’ infertility-related global stress, while psychological distress had a significant positive relationship with the criterion measure. The selected variables accounted for 85% of the variance in prediction of infertility-related stress. Psychological distress made the highest contribution to the prediction of infertility-related stress of participants, while coping style made the least contribution. The need for viable measures be taken to define the changing emotional needs of childless female teachers, empower them with healthy coping skills and make individual and group action plans towards crisis management was recommended from this outcome.</p> Afusat Olanike Busari Stanley Peter Agokei Copyright (c) 2019 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-07-13 2019-07-13 1 1 18 31 Identification of Mosquitoes Species Diversity in South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. https://ijsscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Social_Science_Journal/article/view/7 <p>This paper is focus on the result of research study that primarily identified species of mosquitoes predominant in Ezza South Local Government of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The assessment of mosquito species diversity was carried out between August and December 2014 in the aforementioned area. A total of 502 mosquitoes were collected in four (Ohigbo Amagu, Ohoffia Amagu, Ndufu Amagu and Ndegu Amagu) different communities of the aforementioned area using pyrethrium (insecticide) spray, on indoor resting mosquitoes for 20 houses sampled at random. The samples were identified and analyzed under the light microscope using x4 and x40 objective lens. The result revealed relatively equal distribution Anopheles species in Ohoffia Amagu, Ohigbo Amagu, Ndufu Amagu and Ndegu Amagu with 17.33%, 20.32%, &nbsp;21.51% &nbsp;and 17.93%&nbsp; respectively and also &nbsp;high distribution of the genus <em>Anopheles </em>with 77.09% &nbsp;followed by <em>Aedes </em>16.14% and relative low distribution of <em>Culex </em>mosquito with 6.77% &nbsp;which would account for high prevalence of malaria parasite infection in the study area. Unsolicited increasing Mosquitoes population in the study area could be due to poor environmental management of breeding sites that includes indiscriminate dumping of refuse, poor drainage system, stagnant water with cans and other sort of waste materials.</p> Onwe Chikaodi Ezeanowai Chikezie Copyright (c) 2019 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-07-13 2019-07-13 1 1 32 37 Traffic Safety Education Program: Reviewing the Program for School Trip in Indonesia https://ijsscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Social_Science_Journal/article/view/6 <p>The local government of Surakarta City Indonesia implemented traffic education program for school student starting on early 2013. The program aimed to increase the student awareness of traffic ethics and discipline. The purpose of that program was countering the high rate of motorized vehicle accident involving student and riding violation by student. The objective of this research was to evaluate that government program through examined the student travel to school characteristics. The evaluation was done by comparing the trip characteristics, attitude, and behavior of the student from school in the program and another school not in the program using the Mann-Whitney U-test and other descriptive statistics tests. The result indicated that there were significance differences between student from two groups of schools. However, the differences do not directly mean that the program was effectively working on the students, since the dissimilarities were in a negative direction. The absence of the prior data (before the implementation of the program) and the benchmark for the assessment, also the choice of the education program substances were assumed to be the shortcomings of that government education program. A suggestion for the improvement of the traffic safety education system was given for a more promising result.</p> Tuti Agustin Takuro Inohae Copyright (c) 2019 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-07-13 2019-07-13 1 1 38 55 The Farming of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in Malawi: Review about History and Policy Research Directions https://ijsscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Social_Science_Journal/article/view/5 <p>The lack of better performing native fish species for aquaculture led the government of Malawi to import the exotic Common Carp (<em>Cyprinus carpio</em> L.) in 1976. Growth trials at Domasi and Kasinthula Experimental Stations had shown that Common Carp grew faster and to a larger size than the indigenous fish species. The government decided to distribute the fish to farmers for grow-out. Barely five years into Common Carp distribution to farmers, the government reversed its policy and banned the use of the fish in aquaculture. The government not only became unpopular but also lost the confidence of the farmers who had begun to see positive impacts of Common Carp to their livelihoods. The farmers are as unconvinced today as they were before with the explanations behind the banning of Common Carp. This paper explores the background to Common Carp farming in Malawi, why the fish was later banned and the impacts of the fish’s ban on the status of Malawi’s aquaculture. We highlight the farmers’ call for a return of Common Carp to Malawi’s aquaculture and the research needed to be undertaken to inform government’s response to the farmers’ call.</p> Elias R. Chirwa Daud Kassam Wilson L. Jere Copyright (c) 2019 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-07-13 2019-07-13 1 1 56 69 Non-conventional Animal Protein Sources to Improve Human Nutrition and Farmer Education https://ijsscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Social_Science_Journal/article/view/4 <p>Protein consumption has been an integral part of human nutrition. However, the cost of conventional animal protein sources in addition to the risks associated with the excessive consumption of red meat especially among the aged has made the consumption of non-conventional animal protein sources very essential. This study on the utilization of non-conventional animal protein sources for improved human nutrition and farmer education in Taraba State was carried out in 2016. Questionnaire survey research design was used for this study to collect data from sample of farmers (mini-livestock), nutritionists and agricultural extension agents. The sample for the study was seventy (70) respondents made up of 30 farmers, 20 nutritionists and 20 agricultural extension agents. The instrument used for data collection was a 28-item questionnaire which was developed from literature review. It was titled "Non-Conventional Animal Protein Sources Questionnaire (NCAPSQ)". A total of 70 copies of the NCAPSQ were distributed to the respondents and all were retrieved. NCAPSQ had two sections. Section A which deals with the suitability and availability of the non-conventional animals for human consumption in Taraba State was responded to by the mini-livestock farmers and nutritionists while section B which deals with the skills needed in the production of non-conventional animals and farmer education methods was responded to by mini-livestock farmers and agricultural extension agents. Findings from the study indicated that non-conventional animal protein sources such as termites, edible caterpillar, cricket, grasshopper, larvae of honey bee and yam beetle are suitable and available for human consumption in the study area. It was recommended that farmers should engage in the production of non-conventional animals for the purpose of human consumption.</p> A. B. Wombo C. I. Azuaga Copyright (c) 2019 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-07-13 2019-07-13 1 1 70 80 Investment Determinants in Governmental Securities by Banks https://ijsscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Social_Science_Journal/article/view/3 <p>This study analyzed the determinants of investments in securities by banks using the generalized method of moments regression technique. The results showed significant effects of continuous partial adjustments in the government securities held, capitalization, loan performance and bank size. To ensure continued demand for Government securities by banks, regulatory measures aimed at safeguarding capital adequacy and promoting competition in the banking sector are recommended.</p> Kenneth Alpha Egesa Bruno Max Ocaya Leonard Kiboijana Atuhaire Copyright (c) 2019 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-07-13 2019-07-13 1 1 81 95