Influence of Somali Displaced Refugees on Human Security in Kenya a Case of Dadaab Refugee Camp in Garissa County, Kenya


  • Halkano Galma Golicha Department of Languages and Humanities, Mount Kenya University 342-01000-Thika
  • Dr. Adan Jarso Golole Department of Languages and Humanities, St Paul University, private bag -LIMURU


Internationally Displaced Persons, Refugees, Security


The study sought to investigate influence of Somali displaced refugees on human security in Kenya. A case of Dadaab Refugee Camp, Garissa County, Kenya. The specific objectives for the study included; effectiveness of encampment by Kenyan government, effects of threats to human security, protection policy and contributions of Somali refugees to national security and their effects on human security. The theoretical review has been based on the theory of human security. The literature review examined secondary literature by other authors on forced displacement while the empirical review of the theories will deliver the theoretical perspective of forced displacement. The study used descriptive research design that employed both data collection technique for both qualitative and quantitative data. The qualitative design applied to cognitive dynamics like perception, thinking, and consciousness. The geographical location for the research study was in Dadaab Constituency in Garissa County. The study target population consisted of 1800 refugees at Dagahaley in Dadaab refugee camp, IDP’s community leaders and Agency staffs. The researcher considered the use of simple random sampling in selecting the respondents to ensure that every respondent in the sampling frame has a chance of being selected. The study relied upon primary data that was collected from the respondents with the use of research questionnaire. The survey questionnaire being the main research tool, the researcher constructed the study tool to have both closed and open-ended questions. Data analysis was performed on collected data so as to transform it to useable form for purposes of deriving conclusions and as well as making policy recommendations. The data collected was sorted and cleaned for purposes of eliminating inconsistencies which may be found. Descriptive analysis done so as to present the general features of the sample such as mean and standard deviation. Multiple regression model also was put into use to help in determining the existing relationship between dependent and independent study variables. Data presentation is in the form of graphs, charts and tables.

Displaced Somali refugees have contributed to impoverishment, thereby putting their human security at a much higher risk in Dadaab Refugee camp, Garissa County. The is a threat to human security in Dadaab refugee camp, influenced by the Somali displaced refugees as they are considered to be hostile, making major parts of the Dadaab refugee camp unsafe for settlement.  It can also be concluded by the study that upon implementation of protection policies such as encampment by the Kenyan National Government, a significant effect on the improvements of human security in Dadaab refugee camp is achieved KeyWords: Internationally Displaced Persons; Refugees; Security


. Abatneh, A. S., Ferreira, R., & Liebenberg, I. (2007). Rwandan child soldiers need to be disarmed, demobilized, rehabilitated, and reintegrated into society. Youth Progress in the Commonwealth, 5(2), 32-50.

. A. Mulugeta Abebe, "The African Union Convention on internally displaced persons: Its codification background, scope, and enforcement challenges," Refugee Survey Quarterly, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 28-57, Sep. 2010.

. Asylum Access (2014). Global refugee work rights report. In a transition from theory to practice, T. (2010). The Kenya Refugee Act of 2006: A Critical Analysis of Its Effectiveness in Defending Refugees. (Unpublished master’s dissertation). University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

. Atim, G. (2013). The impact of Refugees on conflicts in Africa. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 14(2), 4-9. DOI:10.9790/0837-1420409

. Aradau, C. (2004). Security and the democratic scene: Unsecuring and liberation. The Journal of International Affairs and Development, 7(4), 388-413.

. Ash, J., & Campbell, J. (2016). Climate change and migration: the example of Australia and the Pacific Islands. Academic Studies of the Pacific, 36(1), 53-72.

. Atim, G. (2013). The role of refugees in African wars.. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 14(2), 4-9. DOI:10.9790/0837-1420409

. Bank, R. (2014). Human trafficking in Europe Refugees and Forcible Migration: The Oxford Handbook. Oxford .University Press (London). DOI: 10.1093/oxford/9780199652433.013.0053

. Bloch, A. (2008). Gaps in protection: Illegal Zimbabweans in South Africa. Migration Studies Working Paper Series, 38, 1-19.

. Brauch, H. G. (2011). Theorems about dangers, difficulties, openings, and dangers to one's security. Heidelberg: Springer Publishers.

. Bryman, A. (2016). Social research methods. Oxford university press.

. Cannon, B. J., & Fujibayashi, H. (2018). Safety, Institutional Makeup, and Statehood: Taking a look at the public's response to Kenya's decision to shut down the Dadaab refugee camp. African Security Review, 27(1), 20-41.

. Cannon, B. J., & Fujibayashi, H. (2018). Security, structural factors and sovereignty: Examining people's responses to Kenya's plan to shut down the Dadaab refugee camp. African Security Review, 27(1), 20-41.

. Chartrand, P. E. (1974). African refugees, the Organization of African Unity, and the African Diaspora A Progress Report. World Affs, 137, 265.

. Crisp, J., Morris, T., & Refstie, H. (2012). New difficulties in resettling displaced people in cities, new partnerships. Disasters, 36, S23-S42.

. Dagne, T. (2011). History of recent events in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Federal Capital Territory: Congressional Research Service. Phuong, C. (2005). The international protection of internally displaced persons (Vol. 38). Cambridge University Press.

. Dragostinova, T. (2016). Refugees or migrants? The migration crisis in Europe in historical perspective. Origins, 9(4), 1-16.

. Grandin, G. (2010). Living in Revolutionary Time. In G. M. Joseph, G. Grandin, & E. S. Rosenberg (Eds.), A Century of Revolution: Insurgent and Counterinsurgent Violence during Latin America’s Long Cold War (pp. 1-42). Duke University Press.

. Jason, S. (2012). North Kivu; The background to conflict in North Kivu province of Eastern Congo. Nairobi: Rift Valley Institute, Usalama Project.

. Kirui, P. K. E. (2019). State stability and the crisis of refugees in Kenya: repatriation and resettlement of the Somali refugees in Dadaab Camp (Doctoral dissertation).

. O. S. Kamanu, "Secession and the right of self-determination: an OAU dilemma," The Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 355-376, Sep. 1974.

. Takougang, J. (2018). The future of human rights in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Preparing Africa for the Twenty-First Century (pp. 177-197). Routledge.

. United Nation Development Programme. (1994). Human development report. New York: Oxford University Press.

. United Nations High Commission for Refugees. (2017). United Nations Refugees Chief praises Djibouti's new refugee laws.

. Walker, E. W. (2003). Dissolution: Sovereignty and the breakup of the Soviet Union. Rowman & Littlefield.

. Werrell, C. E., Femia, F., & Sternberg, T. (2015). Did we see it coming? State fragility, climate vulnerability, and the uprisings in Syria and Egypt. The SAIS Review of International Affairs, 35(1), 29-46.

. Wong, P. N. (2012). Discerning an African post-colonial governance imbroglio: Colonialism, underdevelopment and violent conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Liberia and Sierra Leone. African and Asian Studies, 11(1-2), 66-94.

. Zhao, L., Tian, L., Cai, T., Claggett, B., & Wei, L. J. (2013). Effectively selecting a target population for a future comparative study. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 108(502), 527-539.




How to Cite

Halkano Galma Golicha, & Dr. Adan Jarso Golole. (2023). Influence of Somali Displaced Refugees on Human Security in Kenya a Case of Dadaab Refugee Camp in Garissa County, Kenya. International Journal of Social Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends, 18(1), 90–100. Retrieved from